Archive for February, 2009
A sinus infection, popularly known as sinusitis or sinus, is the one caused by an inflammation of the cavities present in the bones near the nose. This inflammation leads to trapping of mucus in the nasal passages. For curing sinus, numerous options can be resorted to.
The first option is the use of antibiotics. Antibiotics become all the more important as the sinus infection is mostly caused by bacteria. Inhaling steam from a vaporizer moistens the nasal membrane and aids in the evacuation process. Steam mixed with eucalyptus oil is also effective in removing the blockages from the nasal passages. This treatment for sinusitis has almost no side effects. Sinus can also be cured with the use of nasal sprays.
The most recent advancement in the remedies for curing sinus is the zinc treatment. It is prescribed either as a gel or as tablets. While the gel is applied in the nostrils, the tablet is placed under the patient
Sinus headaches are caused by a dull and severe in the front portion of the head of the person. The cause of this is due to the inflammation behind the eyes, nose, and cheeks. They are generally described by postnasal drip with sore throat which is generally known as pharyngitis. Sinus head aches have to be distinguished from other head aches such as caused by tension or migraines. For this we have to give full detailed history to the physician.
The doctor will examine the congestion and the cause of the nasal discharge. No doubt, the best way for curing sinus head aches is to get the treatment of the inflammation an if it is there and it must be cured by the help of antibiotics. The use of benadryl and Excedrin is widely acceptable for the cure of sinus head aches. Vaporizers and decongestants could also be used to thin the mucus which blocks the nasal passage. Rest also helps in restoring the energy loosed by the body. A towel dipped in cold water also gives an immense relief on the forehead. It can be applied again and again for better relief.
The Chinese herbal like Magnolia Flower also helps in widening the nasal way. Mucus is also drained by the use of this herbal medicine. Oral decongestants and nasal drops are also prescribed by a physician. As a master solution if antibiotics are ineffective than sinus surgery can be of great help.
Don’t confuse it with normal sinus or sinusitis if you are asked what is sinus lift? Its also called sinus augmentation, a kind of surgery where a bone is added to your upper jaw area near your molars and premolars to make it tall. The bone is usually added to between maxillary sinus membrane and your jaw. To make room the sinus membranes are moved a little upward and hence its called sinus lift. This is done by a maxillofacila surgeon, or a oral surgeon or periodontist.
So in simple terms this is understood by what is sinus lift. This lift is done when a person doesn’t have enough room for upper jaw or the sinuses are too close to the jaw for dental implants to be placed. This mode of sinus lift is also carried on person who have lost their molars or premolars and don’t have enough room for implants. Some people may have anatomical default in the facial region and the back of the upper jaw may have less bone than the lower jaw. In such case sinus lift is done to add bones to the jaw.
If you pu this question to a dentist or oral surgeron what is sinus lift he will explain the term more simply that this is a kind of an advanced surgery carried by special dentists or periodontist who take bone mass from any other part for the body or may use artificial bone grafting material to add bone mass in that area of upper jaw where the bone mass is less and its just below the maxillary sinus.
Sinus infection and symptoms of sinus are caused due to bacterial infections in the sinus cavities located in the nasal and frontal region of our face. When an infection is caused due to growth of bacteria, swelling occurs resulting in blockage of air inside sinuses and formation of excessive mucus. They in turn congest the nasal passage and result in pressure of the paranasal region. All these lead to sinus headache and other sinus pain. One can get rid of such condition with sinus infection treatments.
There are various sinus infection treatments which can be applied to people who suffer from sinusitis. There are regular treatments and natural cures for sinus infection. Let us access one by one the treatments for sinus infection.
Regular sinus infection treatments: These treatments include medications, sprays and in severe condition surgery. The nasal sprays are prescribed by doctors to kill the bacteria and also to act as decongestant and free the nasal passage and air blockage of sinuses.
Since the infection is caused by bacteria therefore patients are given broad spectrum antibacterial dosages. The antibiotic treatment if given to combat the bacterial infection and also improve the body immune system to resist them. The dosage of anti-bacterial medication is determined by your doctor.
If the infection is caused by some allergens like pollens, smoke, dust and others then the treatment is basically symptomatic. They prescribe different medicines like asprin to get rid of pain, decongestant and corticosteroids to remove the swelling or inflammation.
Surgery is the last option when doctors find that medications have no effect on the patient and the disease has become chronic and recurrent. They try various modes of advanced surgeries available today.
Natural sinus infection treatments include home care and holistic approaches like hot water vapor treatment, eating healthy food and taking proper rest.
Generally mucus is thin and clear but at the time of infection it can change its color to yellow or green. Increase in mucus production can result in many diseases, so it must be cured as soon as possible. A gargle of little warm water with some honey and ginger root mixed in it can do wonder. Garlic act as an anti-bacterial agent and it proves to be a good anti-bacterial herb. Red meat and dairy products also increases the production of mucus in our body, so they should be avoided in the daily diet. Steam taken from boiling water regularly also helps to loosen the mucus in our nasal passage. Sipping of hot liquids too increases the immunization of our body and it eliminates the excess mucus.
Nowadays, both kind of smoking -active and passive- could result in the formation of mucus. So, a person suffering from sinusitis should completely quit smoking in order to get rid of mucus. Some herbal remedies such as eucalyptus oil, also helps in getting rid of the blockage caused by mucus formation through their strong aroma. Sometimes, a full body massage also helps body to get rid of toxins. After all, the best way to get rid of mucus is to blow your nose. Keep blowing until the mucus is drained from the nose. Decongestants also help effectively but they dry up the nasal passage and it become irritating sometimes. Thus, excessive mucus must be controlled immediately.
This disease can lead to allergic response in the lungs which is also known as sino bronchial allergy. Fungal growth is promoted by sinusitis and nasal polyps which produce severe fungal infections and diseases in the sinuses. It can destroy the bony partitions that can spread into the eyes and into the brain. It could be dangerous for children and the child may become semi-conscious or unconscious and if it is not treated on time it can be dangerous to the life of the child.
Its symptoms include prolonged nasal block or nasal discharge with pain and heaviness in head. Moreover neck pain and back pain is also experienced with sleep disturbances and lack of interest and concentration in the work followed by laziness and tiredness. The stats show that each year thirty million Americans develop sinus infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungi. These infections can lead to abcesses, meningitis, pneumonia and bone infections. It is noteworthy that sinuses are blocked with mucus. Moreover it leads to congestion in the nasal pathway, sore throat and post nasal drip. It can also cause bad breath, fever, and tiredness.
Various factors like air pollution, smoke, allergies, nose problems, over use of the nasal sprays, cystic fibrosis, frequent swimming, diving and immune deficiencies can lead to complications. It is also important to note here that diagnosing the chronic sinusitis infection may be difficult for a general physician so we should always consult specialist like an allergist etc. If somebody has a sinus problem then they are advised to take extra care and precaution.
What is sinus tract can be well understood if you know what is fistula. The sinus tract is an abnormal channel which opens in any structure of the skin in any part of your body and ends in bone marrows. This is a channel or a passageway which is often called fistula. This makes a kind of passage between the skin opening and bones. This is not a good symptom because ti can lead to cancer, osteo-myelitis and it may lead to bone fracture and other complicated problems in your body. Thats why if you ever observe any such canal in your skin through which pus or any dripping comes out go to a doctor immediately.
Thus is layman's language what is sinus tract is understood as a passage or an abnormal channel from skin of any part to the underlying bones. What cause sinus tract? This abnormal opening is a result of an infection or some other rare occurrences like fistulous rheumatism or due to a synovial joint in rheumatoid arthritis or classic fistulous rheumatism.
What is sinus tract in septic arthritis? In septic arthritis there occurs some abnormalities where there are some fluid filled channels that develop to sinus tract. The sinus tract is detected by an MRI or Concomitant CT scan. There is another process called sinography to detect the present of sinus tract and its condition.
If you ever observe that there is a kind of abnormal opening somewhere in your skin and pus or watery substances come out through it, immediately consult a doctor to find out what has caused it. Because sinus tract needs immediate medical attention for faster and effective treatment.
What is sphenoid sinus? To know what is sphenoid sinus we need to know about the four sinuses. There are four sinuses in our skull called paranasal sinuses. They are- first maxillary sinuses also know as maxillary antra and they are the largest of all sinuses. They are located under the eye and due to the maxillary bone cheeks in this region they are called maxillary sinuses. Second you have frontal sinuses. These sinuses are located over the eyes which are associated with frontal bones and hence called frontal sinuses. Then in third row you have ethmoid sinuses. The space between the nose and the eyes are located with paranasal sinuses called ethmoid sinuses.
And the last is called sphenoid sinuses. The sinuses located near the sphenoid bones is called sphenoid sinuses. Its located at the center of the skull and under the pituitary gland. If there is any bacterial, viral or fungal attack in your sphenoid sinus you will be diagnosed with sinusitis. They are vulnerable to such infections because each sinus opens to roof of nasal cavity and through this opening the agents can enter into it. The intervention to this sinus may also be caused by an outgrowth of muscle or flesh of the mucus membrane. All these things lead to sinusitis and thus cause irritation, sneezing, nasal blockage, head ache and other symptoms. There is another potential complication of sphenoid which is called cavernous sinus thrombosis.
Sphenoid Sinusitis Symptoms will make you experience pain in occipital region. The infection in the area causes neck pain, earaches, and deep aching usually on your head.
It could be very difficult to treat chronic sinusitis because its treatment involves the coordinated efforts of several specialist doctors to treat the disease. If antibiotic treatment fails then doctors may recommend allergy testing, desensitization and in complications, surgery is done because it acts as the most effective means for treating this disease. It can be broken down into bacterial chronic sinusitis and non-infectious chronic sinusitis and both of these have different medical options by which it can be treated. In many cases people can respond to topical or oral steroids which have non-infectious chronic sinusitis.
There are four main treatments which a doctor may prescribe which include oral antibiotics, nebulized antibiotics, intravenous (IV) antibiotics, sinus surgery. In all of these treatments oral antibiotics is one of the most prescribed treatments. The infection is treated topically by the use of nebulized antibiotics. In intravenous antibiotics doctors give an injection through which antibiotics directly enter in the blood stream. Sinus surgery is the last step to relieve the chronic sinusitis. Further we have decongestants which are available in the form of tablet, syrup, or nasal spray which help to unblock the openings of the sinuses.
It is important to note here that before using anything one should always read the supplementary notes carefully. Nasal decongestants which are available in the form of sprays are good for the treatment of sinus infection but it should be used for two-three days only. One should remember that an overdose of any of these can be harmful where the symptoms can become aggravated and it can cause problems like insomnia, blood pressure and anxiety.