Sinus tachycardia is simply a faster heart rate. It is a reaction to certain body conditions and is caused by the disruption of the sinus node which is responsible for controlling the rhythm of the heart. When the normal functioning of the sinus node is disrupted, there might be an increase in the heart beat rate. Sometimes tachycardia might not bring about any complications and as such may not be a cause for alarm. But there are forms of tachycardia that might need the attention of a specialist for sinus tachycardia treatment. This is in cases when the condition might cause complications like stroke, fainting or heart failure. In some cases the treatment may entail a change of lifestyle.
Sinus tachycardia is commonly caused by smoking, drug and alcohol abuse and high blood pressure. Medical conditions of the heart such as congenital abnormality and side effects from medicine are also causes of sinus tachycardia. In some cases the condition might have no cause.
The main symptom of sinus tachycardia is the increase in the heartbeat. This affects other organs in the body because they are not able to receive enough oxygen which in turn causes other symptoms which include difficulty in breathing, lightheadedness, pain in the chest and fainting. If it happens during pregnancy, the heart beat of the patient will increase by between 10 and 20 beats in a minute.
The main idea in sinus tachycardia treatment is in normalizing the heart rate, eliminating complications and ensuring that the condition does not recur in future. This might require you to take medication to normalize the heart rate. In some cases some kind of physical exercises might be more effective although medication will still be needed. The doctor might recommend that the patient performs vagal maneuver as a way of normalizing the heart beat. If this does not work then the doctor will recommend medication for sinus tachycardia treatment. Cardioversion is then employed if both the vagal maneuver and medication fail to work. These methods are mainly for normalizing the heart beat.
Another part of Sinus tachycardia treatment involves prevention of recurrences in future. This can be done through the radiofrequency catheter ablation or the implantable cardioveter defibrill. Take note that these are applied alongside medicines for sinus tachycardia treatment.
Finally, if all the other methods fail, surgery is then recommended for sinus tachycardia treatment.