Sinus infections are one of the most terrible infections that an individual could have. These infections are usually a mystery to those who develop them and they begin to wonder how is it they came to contract these diseases. The disease is usually caused by external factors surrounding the victim. These factors vary and do not contribute to contraction in the same fashion. Some will acquire the disease from microorganisms, others from allergens all depend from the circumstances prevailing around the victim. There are two major forms of sinusitis. The first form is acute sinusitis and the second form is chronic sinusitis.
The form acute is most commonly caused by viral infection that occurs in the respiratory tract. The infection can not only be caused by viruses but also can be caused by other microorganisms like fungi and bacteria. Basically these microorganisms will multiply in the respiratory tract and clog the sinuses inhibiting them from carrying out their functions such as moistening the nasal passages. The conditions created by the bacteria create conditions in the sinuses that lead to the inflammation of the sinuses leading to the inflammation of the sinuses. Pollutants and allergens will also lead due to sinus infections they cause infection not using the same concept but using a similar means. The allergens and or pollutants will enter the nasal passages and cause irritation here. It is this irritation that causes the inflammation in the sinuses that subsequently leads to the inflammation of the nasal passages.
Fungi are not major causes of the disease sinusitis but it usually leads to chronic sinusitis. It commonly occurs among people with diseases like AIDS, diabetes and leukemia that reduce the strength of the immune system such that once the body is affected by the disease it submits.
The sinus infection usually takes place when mucus is trapped in the sinus cavity as well as the nasal passage. To determine the right treatment, doctors have to conduct a series of tests to rule out the masked illnesses. Describing the symptoms vividly to the doctor can help determine the right cause and hence prescribe the right treatment. There are a number of infections that can lead to the conditions. The understanding of them can help in avoiding the infection and hence live a peaceful life. Below are a number of things to help in understanding what causes sinus infection.
Nasal Blockage is the most common cause of the sinus infection. The sinuses are basically air filled pockets in the face and nose bones. The pockets are lined with the mucus and help in the removal of the pathogenic materials. The openings to the pockets are however small and can easily be blocked. The blockage results in improper drainage of the mucus which results to inflammation and infections. The infection traps air within the sinuses resulting in pain, headaches and pressure.
Cold and flu can also cause the sinus infection. These are illnesses that results in increased mucus production leading to a stuffy nose, coughing and sneezing. Some doctors believe the cold to be the main cause of the infection. The excessive mucus production can lead to the blockage of the sinuses. When the infection sets in, people often feel itchiness on the nose, scratchy throat, headaches and fatigue. The cold and flu are caused by viruses. This means that they can not completely be cured. However, the doctor will prescribe medication that will alleviate the severity and cure the infection.
Allergies also play a huge role in this health problem. To most people, in allergic reactions, their noses tend to produce excessive mucus. This can lead to the blockage of the sinuses. Coughing and sneezing becomes prominent and itchiness and burning sensations can also creep in. The allergies that can result in the sinus infection include medicine, food, pollen, smoke, mold, dust, mold and pet dander. Such infections last as long as the allergic reactions.
Finally, it is important to understand that the sinus infections can result from pressure and hormones change. This is a common condition with the women who use the birth control pills as well as the pregnant individuals. There is hormone change and can inflame the nasal passages. Other conditions resulting in this include flying, scuba diving and swimming.
Sinusitis which is also known as the sinus infection can cause a lot of pain to human beings. The pain caused by a sinus infection occurs as a result of inflammation in the sinus and nasal passages. There are several symptoms that would make someone suspect that they have developed a sinus infection. In most cases, a sinus infection is usually accompanied with pressure around many parts of a person’s head like the nose, forehead, cheeks and also the area around the eyes. The sinuses are sometimes accompanied by mild headaches which can continue and become severe if medical attention is not sort immediately.
Sinus infections also have other symptoms like mild coughs, a fever and also some congestion which usually results in a discharge that will come from the nose. A sinus infection can develop in humans rapidly but it can be treated if the right medication is administered in good time. The infection usually clears off after a few weeks of taking the necessary medication. There are two main types of sinus infections and they include the acute sinus infection which can last a few weeks and occurs about three times a year and the chronic sinus which takes about eight weeks to clear off and it can occur about four times a year in human beings.
What comes as a surprise to many is that in most cases, the type of sinus infection that occurs is the chronic sinus infection. Many people know about the sinus infection but they do not really know the functions of the sinuses in the human head. Sinuses occur in the human head in four pairs and they are used to connect the nostrils to the nasal passages. The main function of the sinuses in the skull is that they are meant to protect the skull against any infection from bacteria and many other germs.
When all of the nasal passages are inflamed, one may have developed a sinus infection. The most common cause of sinus infections is the common cold that affects human beings often. The common cold usually causes inflammation in the nasal passages. This causes a blockage that hinders the drainage of the sinuses. Scuba diving is also known to cause sinuses infection. The pressure changes that occur during scuba diving are said to cause inflammation in the nasal passages which eventually leads to one developing a sinus infection.
One’s nasal cavities are naturally designed to have clear air ways between the nose and the lungs all the time. In case the nostrils are blocked by anything it usually leads to a swollen sinus membrane blocking their openings to nasal cavities. This will eventually lead to the sinus pressure and infection. There are various causes and symptoms of a sinus infection. Some of the causes are controllable and manageable.
Common colds, allergies and tissue irritants are quite common causes of sinus infections such as nicotine and cocaine. Therefore, reduced abuse of the cocaine and nicotine enhance the free air flow of the nostrils to the lungs. Another cause of a sinus infection is the blockage of the nostrils due to growths or tumors which can be corrected through minor surgeries. In addition, poor drainage of the mucus from the nostril due to mucus thickening increases the infections. The mucus thickening is often brought about by dehydration often caused by cystic fibrosis, drying medications such as the antihistamines and low air humidity. The damage of the small hair like fibers known as cilia can result to sinus infection. Furthermore, any stagnate mucus provide a warm environment for bacteria, virus and fungus growth in the sinus passages.
There are also various signs and symptoms of a sinus infection such as headache, a small fever, pressure/pain as well as tenderness on one’s face. Other symptoms include, a blocked nasal drainage, nasal stuffiness, coughs and soar throat. At times while bending one may notice an increased sensitivity or even a head ache due built up pressure on the sinuses. Some people may notice ear pain, general fatigue, and bad breath. Most of these symptoms can be diagnosed through x-ray but a heavier emphasis is laid on the MRI and CT scans since they give better results than the X-rays. The results have the following observations which are; nasal redness and swelling, pus like drainage from nasal cavities and at times swelling of the cheeks and eyes.
Most of these causes and symptoms have various medications and if any other form of diagnosis fails to determine the causative agent of the sinus infection a needle puncture is often prescribed. In other cases, a saline solution can be used to flush the sinus so as to diagnose if the sinusitis is infectious or non-infectious. Therefore, the sinus infection has various causes and signs/symptoms and with a correct diagnosis, right medication is prescribed.
Most people can agree to the fact that the human nose is susceptible to many diseases. The nose is actually more exposed to several types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi which cause sinus infection. Sinus infection is basically an inflammation that occurs in the passages of the nose which may result in nasal and eye pressure as well as pressure one of the hemispheres of the brain.
Sinus infection normally results from virus which infects the higher parts of the breathing system. However, certain factors have also been discovered to play a critical role in causing this disease. For instance, allergens or smoke from pollution can also cause a serious manifestation of the disease among potential victims.
Severe damage of the cells of the sinus which leads to selling also causes sinus infection. What follows is that the lining grows thicker and this eventually blocks the nasal passage which branches out. In effect, this causes a disruption to the natural process of eliminating bacteria which are found on these passages giving them opportunity to multiply and take control of the sinus linings.
Streptococcus pneumoniae and two other types of bacteria have also been found to cause sinus infection. These bacteria are innocuous in small numbers hence they do not actually cause the infection but when they start multiplying and control the upper parts of the respiratory tract they trigger the disease. In addition, the common cold has also been fronted as another cause of this disease. The common cold triggers the same effect as the foregoing causes, that is, inflammation in the nose which hinders effective drainage. Frequent exposure to nasal irritants that are present in the air that we breathe may actually contribute significantly to the development of this infection.
Research also seems to support the assertion that specific types of fungi also play a significant role in causing sinus infection more so in individuals who have certain diseases that normally weaken the body’s defense mechanism in humans. Fungi are common in the air around us but most of it is innocuous. One type of fungi that has been found to cause sinus infection is the black mold which is common in damp environments. Too much exposure may lead to build which triggers the infection.
Knowledge on what causes sinus infection will keep you informed and help you look for ways to minimize the possibility of its emergence.