Allergic sinusitis

Allergic sinusitis is caused by a reaction towards dust, mold, pollen, or another substance in the environment. Some people develop an allergic reaction to harmless fungi that can grow in their sinuses if they have fleshy growths (polyps) or other obstructions in the nose. It causes frequent headache in front portion and periocular pain. In many of the cases symptoms such as fever, illness or post nasal drip does not occur. In these cases patients may complaint other allergic symptoms such as itchy eyes which are an example of conjunctivitis, runny or stuffy nose, dry cough and an itchy throat, hoarseness, wheezing, loss of smell and taste and repeated ear and sinus infections.

It is treated by the use of antihistamines which are taken orally. For example, Guaifenesin is taken by mouth which helps to improve drainage. Moreover steroids which are available in the form of nasal spray are highly effective and they do not cause symptoms like sedation and dry mouth which are generally associated with antihistamines. Some examples of antihistamines are fexofenadine, cetirizine and loratadine. Older antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine and chlorpheniramine should be avoided because it can cause many side effects.

In allergy sinusitis treatment the use of corticosteroid sprays is also done. Moreover there are some medicines in the form of pills which are also helpful in treating this disease. Allergy shots may help. Antifungal drugs which are given in the form of mist treatments may also be of use but are not proven till now.





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